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Space is discontinuous. It breaks down to indivisible space quanta; the Space Elements (S.E.)
Space Elements are stationary. They accommodate and transfer information. We traditionally name this information "our physical universe".
Saturation: Each space element can accommodate only a finite amount of information. It then becomes saturated.

Inefficiency: The process of accommodating and transferring information between space elements is a mechanism. Like every mechanism the process of information transfer is not absolutely efficient. This means that it can only be performed for a very large but finite number of repetitions.

Time (
): Time is the rate of change of space elements. Information transfer is not instant. is required. This is the time necessary for any space element to change its state according to the information it receives or transfers. Rate of change relates to saturation. Heavily saturated S.E. "resist" further information because of increased . Fully saturated S.E. are not capable of accepting additional information.

Trace: Because of inefficiency, each repetition leaves a footprint on each S.E. This is trace. Superposition of all traces within the S.E. grid results in increased cosmic saturation.
increases with age. The mechanism deteriorates.

A rain cloud is a well-defined shape in the sky. This shape is considered to be the border between "cloud" and "clear sky". This is because the naked eye cannot detect humidity unless the air is fully saturated and thus looks like a cloud. Taking a photograph using a special lens capturing humidity levels, the cloud would look considerably larger and would extend away from the well-defined finite shape. Humidity saturation levels would diminish with distance.

Every massive body is a cloud of information travelling through the stationary quantum space grid. This information cloud is not confined within the boundaries we observe or detect as mass, but extends to space elements away from the main body. Those space elements carry information directly related to the main body. We call this information gravity. The region extending away from the main body is a gravity cloud bound to the main body. It is in fact an indistinguishable part of the main body, and it follows the main body in its direction of travel. They are one and the same. They cannot be separated in any way. They should be considered as one entity.  Information saturation diminishes with distance from the main body meaning that gravity weakens with distance.

Mechanism of gravity: As noted above, information saturation is stronger in proximity to the main body and dissipates with distance. This means that information is propagated more slowly in proximity to the main body because of increased
T (higher saturation of space elements).
A secondary massive body (secondary region of relevant information) travelling within the affected region experiences increased
in the parts of its own region that are in proximity to the original mass. This introduces a resistance in motion. Resistance is greater in proximity to the main body and diminishes with distance. It follows the law of . Heavily saturated space elements transfer information with increased (slower) compared to less saturated ones.  Because of this, the direction of travel shifts towards the center of the main body (similar to a car braking on the left side wheels only; the car shifts to the left). Exactly the same applies to the main body in relation to the secondary body, and so the two information clouds move towards each other. This means that any cloud of information with the property of "mass" attracts any similar information cloud because their saturation levels are being superimposed positively. In common understanding, any two massive objects attract one another. (Diagram Gravity 1)

Mass and gravity share the same fundamental principal. They both introduce additional information into the volume of space they occupy, and therefore the properties of space change accordingly. Viewing space saturation in color, any massive body and its surrounding gravitational field would share the same texture. Brightness would diminish with distance away from the center of the massive body. Travelling through the color would introduce a shift in direction towards the bright center of the colorful region. (
Gravity Diagram 2)

Dark Matter: It is gravity itself that is missing from the observed mass (rain cloud example; the missing humidity surrounding the visible cloud remains invisible). Gravity is not passive; it is active. It adds to the gravitational pull of the body it is linked to. It is an extension of that body. In quantum space terms, the primary information cloud (mass) and the secondary information cloud (gravity) are one unified region of information. One entity. (
Black Holes: Perhaps not as exotic as the name suggests if they exist at all.
Black holes are fully saturated information regions. As such, the space elements they occupy are unable to accommodate or transfer additional information. Information is trapped within the region. Time, as we understand it, breaks down because the rate of change is zero. Any additional inflow results in expanding the boundary of the fully saturated region.
Black holes are solid bodies that expand. They are not dimensionless. They occupy an ever-expanding cloud of fully saturated space elements. The "event horizon" is the boundary between space and the solid body that remains hidden behind. Going through the event horizon would result in a catastrophic crash upon the densest entity in the universe.
Force is the result of saturation differential in the propagation of information through the space elements grid.
This definition applies to all known forces. Repulsion occurs in the reversed process whereby saturation levels superimpose negatively. Saturation (and
) decreases with proximity and therefore repulsion occurs. (Diagram)
The above understanding of forces may seem to demand motion or otherwise all processes would collapse. This sounds accurate if thinking in terms of a non-quantum environment, but in quantum space all that is necessary is that the universe remains actively resonating. As a consequence, even at rest, every SE remains active and anticipates interaction. This is further discussed later in this proposal.
Time can only be defined in terms of rate of change. Time flow is not an absolute (primordial) cosmic constant. It relates directly to the cosmic trace accumulation which defines the present state of the mechanism. This is the superposition of all events that have ever occurred since the beginning.
A helpful example is to think in terms of a movie bobbin. If the frame rate of playback is eternally decelerated (not necessarily linearly), the total playback time is not equal to the total tape length, if the latter is calculated in terms of the frame rate observed at the end of the movie (which reflects our present universal rate of time flow the present
Consequently, a number of assumptions need to be reconsidered.
-Age of the Universe: It cannot be estimated using the present rate of change, because events have been unfolding much faster in the past, especially shortly after the origin of the cosmos. If this becomes part of the universes age estimate process, then the numbers change significantly. The universe is considerably older than estimated. Perhaps the first 100 seconds are equivalent to more than 100 billion years of todays time flow rate. (
-Dark Energy: Space is absolutely stationary. Space elements do not move; it is only the information within that travels through them in the form of space properties' propagation. The expansion of space is an illusion resulting from misinterpreting the cosmological redshift:

It is time that decelerates and not space that accelerates.

This follows the main property
of space elements. increases with age due to trace. As light from distant galaxies travels, it encounters older space elements. They are aged and saturated due to eternal superposition of cosmic trace. Thus, all processes are decelerated. The oldest space elements are the ones we occupy at present. It is our region that creates the Doppler shift and not the region of the young galaxies we observe in the distant past. Our present is longer than in the region and time when light was first emitted by those young galaxies. Light travels more slowly in the present time than it was in the past. The cosmological redshift relates to age, time and retardation, not to distance, speed and acceleration. Space is not expanding. Light is decelerating. (Diagram)
Note: This is not in reference to "tired light". Energy is not being dissipated while travelling. It is the medium (space) that changes state and deteriorates as a result of cosmic trace. The inefficiency exists within the medium of motion which negatively affects the propagation of motion, causing retardation.
As already mentioned, space elements are absolutely stationary providing the reference grid for everything else to exist within them.
Intuitively, quantum space elements can be considered as a grid of isolated spherical cells. True quantum space geometry is most probably a lot more complicated than this.
With the understanding that nothing exists outside space elements, no distance is necessary between them. Space is in fact clearly continuous. What defines the individuality of each space element is time; its own rate of change.
Time may be described as a layer of resistance (delay) in the propagation of information. This layer surrounds each space element, defining its existence. Space geometry translates into time geometry. (
Motion is propagation of information. There are two types of motion:
-Traditional (linear) motion: Information travels through successive space elements, interacting with them, leaving trace. The total transportation time is the sum of
and CT of all space elements affected.
CT is conscious time, i.e. the presence within each SE, before information is propagated into the next SE. This is what humans understand and refer to as time. The sum of all CT during transport is what we understand as the duration of travel.
does not register on instruments or human intuition. only relates to time geometry.
-Quantum motion is information propagation outside the SE grid and only through time geometry as is defined by
. Space elements remain unaffected. In human terms and instrumentation records transport is instant. In fact, duration of quantum travel is always equal to of the destination space element. Unlimited distances, even the breadth of the entire universe, can be traveled in just one single . (Diagram)
Trace is spread evenly across the universe through quantum motion. Every occurring event leaves trace which is simultaneously shared across all space elements. The state of the mechanism is flat throughout the grid.
A helpful (approximate) example is to imagine rain drops falling on the sea. The added volume of water is shared throughout the ocean without local fluctuations of water depth.
Relative Motion:
In traditional motion, speed is the rate of propagation of information between adjacent space elements. This rate can be defined in terms of C
. If the rate is slow, each space element accommodates the traveling information for conscious time CTslow. If the rate is fast, the information is accommodated for CTfast, where CTslow > CTfast. Maximum speed is reached when CT=0.
At max speed, the traveler (traveling information) experiences no distance since
does not register. The traveler experiences this speed as infinite and reaches any destination without any conscious time elapsing. Yet the true duration of travel is Nx, where N is the number of space elements affected by the traveler. If the traveler was unaware that space is static, he would translate this experience as contracting space. However it was his conscious time CT that was affected.
The duration of travel may not register on the traveler but it severely affects the overall environment by leaving trace on all those affected space elements. Depending on the saturation density of the traveling information, trace can be significant.
The above concept is discussed further in the 
Quantum Relativity section.
In quantum motion, as mentioned before, speed is irrelevant since only one
elapses before any destination is reached.
Understanding motion in quantum terms is not an easy task. Motion cannot exist in quantum space; there can only be state of presence and intention of motion. This realization introduces frequency.
Events occur in unison. All information is absolutely still within the S.E. grid and propagates only in quantum steps defined by the frequency of the universe. The frequency is defined by age; the current state of the mechanism. Early universe resonated in considerably higher frequency, as was mentioned earlier in considerations about time.
saturation and conscious time CT are derivatives of the universe's frequency trace. (Diagram)
Vacuum energy: Quantum space elements across the cosmos oscillate at the frequency of the universe anticipating interaction with information propagating within their vicinity. The frequency of oscillation (the present state of the mechanism) defines the currently available vacuum energy. This is the underlying available energy source which still allows all processes to run. Trace is the deterioration of this frequency. It is the dissipation of vacuum energy invested in resolving all events throughout cosmic evolution.

Particles Quantum Physics: 
Every particle is a local cloud of information. It occupies a large number of space elements since the S.E. dimensions are of different order of magnitude. This means that even the smallest particles extend over a vast number of space elements. The primordial particles are the space elements themselves.
The properties of the information cloud of any particle are locked. Nothing can change within the cloud without affecting the entire cloud. Change occurs simultaneously. This does not violate the law of
. Change is not instant; it is only simultaneous. This is because CT between space elements is zero. Conscious time does not exist outside space elements, so information travels (and space element properties can change) simultaneously across unlimited regions of S.E. through quantum motion. (Diagram)
Every occurring event changes the properties of the space elements affected by that event. To understand an event it is necessary either to compare the present state to its immediate past, or to its immediate future. The change of state observed defines the event in question.
Comparing to the past is straightforward because the past has already occurred, it has left its footprint, and therefore its nature is deterministic. Comparing to the future is tricky because the future involves uncertainty and is always probabilistic.
The consequence of the above realization is that any single event can be at the same time either deterministic or stochastic, depending on the observational method used for detection.

Double slit experiment. 
If the particles location information is extracted upon the slit screen, then the patterns observed on the detection screen are a reflection of the past state of this particle at the moment it was passing through the slit, and as such, the observation upon the detection screen is deterministic. If the location information is not extracted, then the patterns on the detection screen are a reflection of the available future choices of the particle at the moment it detects the slit screen. Since there is choice, there is uncertainty. This uncertainty is observed upon the screen. (
In QSE terms, it must be reminded that the particle does not exist. What is being observed is the propagation of space properties through the quantum space grid and in quantized time. The available options to each space element are being processed through
as it becomes aware of the information it has just accommodated. The result of this processing is the next occurring event. If at any given moment (pulse) the relevant space elements are resolved by an external agent (the particle detector at the slits), this action deprives them from choice and forces upon them a single available option. Since there are no more choices, the next event is deterministic. All the processing occurs in which is invisible to the apparatus and so it appears to be instant. As it has already been discussed in this proposal, there is no instant action in the universe. There exists undetected time .
To simplify, the reason behind the alternate behavior of the particle is the fact that the choice is made by those who execute the experiment to alter the experiment itself. There are two separate experiments executed with modified conditions involved, and so incoherent conclusions are observed.
Those two experimental results are not possible to be observed simultaneously because this would require resolving events through their past and their future at the same time. This is forbidden by every theory, including the QSE theory.

There can be no conclusions unless some indication of validity is experimentally observed. Proposed observational and mathematical validation methods are discussed on the 
verification page.





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Updated: January 8, 2018Track modifications